RePhoRM: Regional phosphorus recycling in the Rhine-Main area considering industrial and agricultural material cycles
The cooperation project RePhoRM is a research and development project funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) within the framework of the funding program “Research for Sustainable Development (FONA3)” on the topic “Regional Phosphorus Recycling (RePhoR)”. The Department of Material Flow Management and Resource Economy participates with a “screening LCA” for the orienting ecological assessment of different concepts of phosphorus recycling. weiter
Within a research project with the partner Fraunhofer project group IWKS, country-specific environmental assessment factors were developed for the countries USA, Southafrica, India, Mexico, Russia, China, Brasil and Argentina. Environmental assessment factors were developed fo the environmental problems “climate change”, “scarcity of energy resources”, “air pollution”, “waste”, “scarcity of freshwater resources” and “emissions to surface waters”. These environmental assessment factors are presented to experts, which have a national background and expertise regarding the specific enviornmental probelm, in a webconusltation and their feedback will be solicited. weiter
Within a research project with the partner Fraunhofer project group IWKS, country-specific environmental assessment factors were developed for the environmental problem “noise pollution”. These environmental assessment factors have been developed for the eight countries USA, South Africa, India, Mexico, Russia, China, Brazil and Argentina and are being applied within the environmental management of Volkswagen AG. Volkswagen AG has successfully implemented the so-called “SEBU method” for over 10 years in environmental management. weiter
FahrKLang: Verbrauchs- und Emissionsbewertung von Fahrzeugantriebskonzepten für die Langstreckenmobilität der Zukunft
Die Studie FahrKlang hat zum Ziel, Verbrauchs- und Emissionswerte verschiedener PKW-Antriebskonzepten über den gesamten Lebenszyklus zu vergleichen und sie einer ganzheitlichen ökologischen Bewertung zu unterziehen. Die Antriebe werden dabei für die Langstreckenmobilität Deutschlands untersucht. Zu den verschiedenen Antriebskonzepten zählen konventionelle Verbrennungsmotoren, verschiedene hybride Antriebskonzepte, batterieelektrische Antriebsstränge sowie die Nutzung strombasierter Kraftstoffe. weiter
JPI-O Microplastic PLASTOX: Direct and indirect ecotoxicological impacts of microplastics on marine organisms Sub-project: investigation of adsorption/desorption behavior of pollutants on microplastics (MPs) in batch tests in Laboratory as well as long-te
PLASTOX is one of four consortia under the JPI Oceans Pilot Action “Ecological Aspects of Microplastics” and consists of 15 partners from 11 Member States. The project will investigate the ingestion, foodweb transfer, and ecotoxicological impact of microplastics (MPs), together with persistent organic pollutants (POPs), metals and plastic additive chemicals, on key European marine species and ecosystems. To study ecological effects of MPs, laboratory tests will be combined with field-based observations at stations representing a wide range of European marine environments (Mediterranean, Adriatic, North, and Baltic Seas and the Atlantic). weiter
Within a research project with the partner Fraunhofer project group IWKS, a concept for the development of country-specific environmental assessment factors for the environmental problem area “waste” was developed. This concept serves as the basis for a follow-up project for environmental assessment factors for the eight countries USA, South Africa, India, Mexico, Russia, China, Brazil and Argentina, which are to be applied in the environmental management of Volkswagen AG. Volkswagen AG has successfully implemented the so-called “SEBU method” for over 10 years in environmental management. As a basis for the assessment of environmental aspects the SEBU method uses the “Ecological Scarcity Method” developed in Switzerland. Until now, in the absence of country-specific assessment factors, the eco-factors included in the original method from Switzerland were used; however, this has always been seen as a deficit for site-specific valuation. In 2014, country-specific assessment factors for the German framework conditions were developed for the first time in the “Eco-factors for Germany” project. The fundamental principles for these assessment factors were coordinated with the German Federal Environment Agency. Starting from the experience of this study, country-specific eco-factors have now been developed for the application of the SEBU method at the Volkswagen AG sites worldwide. The overall project “Eco-factors World” was subdivided into subprojects covering one or more environmental problems. While the first subproject, which was completed in 2015, encompassed the environmental problems “climate change”, “scarcity of energy resources” and “ scarcity of drinking water” and the second subproject focused on the environmental problem “air pollution”, the third subproject deals with the environmental problem “waste”. antic). weiter
PHOENIX: Synergic Combination of High Performance Flame-Retardant Nanolayered Hybrid Particles as a Real Alternative to Halogen-Based Flame-Retardant Additives
Electrical and electronic devices – domestic appliances, cables, electrical components – are the major area of application of flame retardants. From an environmental point of view, halogenated flame retardants are problematic because they contain persistent and toxic substances which bear the danger of forming highly toxic dioxins in the case of fire. weiter
CSIA-X: Developing a Method to Determine Isotope Ratios for Chlorine and Bromine in the Aqueous Phase
The goal is to develop an innovative, quick method of sample preparation based on an “Einkolbenreaktion”, with which bromine or chlorine in the water phase is converted to different brominated or chlorinated compounds. To determine both the chlorine and bromine isotope ratio of the converted compounds, a new technique will be employed that was developed by Dr.-Ing. Sakaguchi-Söder. weiter
The transformation of energy supply and use to a totally regenerative system poses technical and socio-economic challenges to a large number of stakeholders. The interdisciplinary project consortium set up from academic research and industry of „ENavi“ (Energy Transition Navigation System) develops options for the integration of components of a renewable energy system considering the technical and socio-economic boundary conditions.
A central goal of the research consortium is the development of a navigation system to enable the anticipation of economic, ecologic and social impacts of political decisions. The aim of the navigation system is to identify steps on an effective and efficient way towards a renewable energy system. By involving a large number of stakeholders from industry, governmental organizations, research and civil society, the identified steps are assessed as to their acceptance.
The Chair for Material Flow Management and Resource Economy contributes to WP2 „Technical developments in a system context“ and to WP7 „Interdependencies within the natural environment“. WP 2 describes energy technologies necessary in the transformation process with technology profiles.
WP 7 assesses energy technologies with regard to their resource efficiency and lies a focus on the use of cricital metals like rare earth elements (REE).
More information can be found under www.kopernikus-projekte.de/projekte/systemintegration.